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Frequently Asked Question about North Pole
We tried to collect all frequently asked questions about the North Pole and give the complete answers. We hope that it will help you to know more about this interesting place in the world – North Pole and make decision to join our unforgettable North Pole Cruise Adventure.
1. How cold is the North Pole?
The interesting fact is that the North Pole is much warmer than the South Pole because it lies at the middle of an ocean (which keeps heat), rather than a continental land mass.
During the winter time temperatures at the North Pole can range from about -43C (-45F) to -26C (-15F), so the average temperature is -34C (-30F). During the summer time the temperature is 0C, 32F.
2. Is the North Pole located on a continent?
No, the North Pole is located in constantly shifting sea ice which is covered the middle of the Arctic Ocean.South Pole located on a continent and this fact describes the difference between North Pole weather and South pole weather. Continent is always much colder than water. North Pole represents the huge amount of pure ice and this ice cover absolutely the whole space of North Pole.
3. Why does Santa live at the North Pole?
According some legends Santa Claus lives in the North Pole. People believe that North Pole is the residence of Santa Claus because he has to live in the cold place. There is warehouse of gifts on the North Pole. These gifts lays here during the whole year and before the New Year Santa takes all necessary gifts and flies with them to houses of children on his reindeers. To support this idea Canada Post made postal code HOH OHO for North Pole and now children can use it for sending letters to Santa Claus.
5. Who discovered the North Pole?
Who discovered the North Pole is still the point at issue. There are two men who reached the North Pole almost at the same time – Frederick Albert Cook (1908) and Robert Peary (1909). The scientific society considers Robert Peary as a first who reached the North Pole. However they both didn't provide the convincing proof of it. Actually the first scientific station was established near the North Pole only in 1937 by Russians expedition. However the first registered step on the North Pole was in 1948. The scientist Ivan Papanin and his expedition had begun an investigation of North Pole.
6. Who owns the North Pole?
Nobody owns the North Pole, it is situated in Exclusive Economic Zone of Russia, Canada, Norway, Denmark and the United States. Nowadays the world prepares to reparation of the Arctic spaces. There are a lot of minerals on North Pole. There is a huge amount of oil and organic gas. Russia, USA and Denmark started their fight already. Denmark told that North Pole is located near the Greenland and it is mean that North Pole should be their, USA argued that the first man on North Pole was American and Russians just put boundary post on the North Pole.
7. What continent is the North Pole on?
North Pole is not a continent, it is a point which is located in Arctic Ocean in shifting sea ice right opposite of South Pole. It means that all North Pole is covered by ice which never thaws. Historically, there was not continent here never or during thousands years. May be there was a continent when the Earth represented the new planet with one big continent and no reasonable life on it. There is a bottom beyond all this water but it cannot named a continent it is just a bottom of Arctic Ocean.
8. What continent does the North Pole belong to?
The North Pole doesn't belong to continent, because it is located in Arctic Ocean, the closest land to it is Kaffeklubben Island, off the northern coast of Greenland about 700 km (440 mi) away. That's why Denmark supposes that the North Pole should become their territory. But if you will follow by meridians you can see that the majority of the North Pole belongs to Russia. Some part is belong to USA and Canada, and some to Scandinavian countries. But by now it is not belongs to any country.
9. Is the North Pole a country?
No, The North Pole is independent territory which is governed by the International Seabed Authority. It is intergovernmental body located on Jamaica. It is independent treaty organization. Actually there is not any country on North Pole not only because of its status of independent zone but also because of weather condition. It will be very difficult to adopt the North Pole for comfortable people's life.
10. When was the North Pole discovered?
Officially the date of North Pole discovery is April 6,1909 when Robert Peary with friends reached it. But these fact was challenged by Robert Peary who was assured scientific society that it was he who discovered the North Pole in 1909.
11. Which has no land under it the north or south pole?
There is no land under the North Pole, only 4 km depth water under sea ice. Quite the contrary the South Pole is located in continent. By the way. Antarctica is the highest continent, the medium altitude of continent is 2000 meters. The majority f this altitude is ice, in some places ice reach up the mark of 3500 meters.
12. Is the North Pole part of a continent?
North Pole is not a part of continent, it is a point in the shifting sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. The nearest land is Greenland and the nearest continent is Eurasian. And there is not continent under North Pole, only water in the condition of ice.
13. What continent is the North Pole in?
There is no continent under North Pole only water of Ocean covering by sea ice. South Pole is located on continent which named Antarctica and North Pole is only the permafrost. There was not a continent here never.
14. What lives in the North Pole?
There are several animals, such as Polar bears, jar seals and Arctic foxes, and birds, such as Snow Bunting, Northern Fulmar and Black-legged Kittiwake in North Pole. Only these animals can live in such strong and difficult conditions. Of course there is not plenty of animals but all types of animals who lives here is very impressive and unique.
15. How to survive on the North Pole?
Before even venturing out into the cold you need to plan your outing and then execute that plan. Dressing up the right way is crucial. Layer, layer, layer. Only use natural or synthetic materials that breath. The reason for this is that you will perspire an having a cold wet layer next to your body can easily lead to frostbite. Wool and fleece are great for creating that thick air pocket layer in between. The outer layer needs to be water and wind resistant and still breath. Thick soled shoes will insulate from the ground. Felt booties are the best inside a boot, but if you have a modern hiking boot then, make sure you have room for a woolen sock and still room for blood to flow. If you are hit with a snow storm you need to stop, so that you do not get lost and make it virtually impossible for a rescue to be mounted. Tie a colored cloth outside to mark your location. It is strongly recommend trying to stay awake. If you fall a sleep you will not wake if hyperthermia kicks in and you will sleep longer than anticipated. If you feel a prickly pain in your extremities you can try moving a bit to increase circulation. If your extremities go numb, then you are in big trouble and should try to massage blood flow into them immediately until sensation returns.
As in any crisis situation try to stay calm and don't panic. Common sense is your best friend and if you panic all common sense tends be lost.
16. North Pole with animals?
The biggest animals who live in North Pole is Polar bear, also you can meet Arctic foxes and ringed seal. There are several species of birds live in North Pole such as Snow Bunting, Northern Fulmar and Black-legged Kittiwake. The sientists discovered around 5500 animal species in North Pole.
You will be able to see all North Pole animals during our North Pole Cruise.
17. What country owns the North Pole?
No one country owns the North Pole. Five countries which surround the North Pole (Russia,Canada,Norway,Denmark and the United States) organize Exclusive Economic Zone around their coasts, and this area is administered by the International Seabed Authority.
18. Where is the North Pole located?
North Pole is located in the central part of Arctic Ocean, where the sea depth is around 4,000 m. The shifting sea ice is covered this part of the Arctic Ocean during the whole year.
The North Pole is situated in the Northern hemisphere, about 700 km away of Greenland .It is diametrically opposite the South Pole.
The North Pole is the northernmost point on Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole. It defines geodetic latitude 90° North, as well as the direction of True North.
19. Which is colder the north or south pole?
The South Pole is much colder than North Pole. The average winter temperature in North Pole is -34C (-30F) and summer is 0 C (32F). In South Pole the average winter temperature is -26C (-15F) and average summer temperature is -57C (-71F)
20. What is the north and south pole?
The North Pole and South Pole are points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the surface. The North Pole is situated in the northern hemisphere, the South Pole is in the southern hemisphere. South and North Poles lie opposite each other.
21. What is the closest continent to the North Pole?
The closest land to North Pole is Greenland (700 km/400mi away). And the closet continent is Eurasia.
22. What is the latitude of the North Pole?
North Pole defines geodetic latitude 90° North, as well as the direction of True North. At the North Pole all directions point south; all lines of longitude converge there, so its longitude can be defined as any degree value.
23. Where is the north magnetic pole located?
North Magnetic Pole is now located in the north part of Canada. But the location of North Magnetic Pole changes for more than 40 meters per day. It was defined at 82.7°N 114.4°W in 2005. These fact can be very dangerous and unpredictable for our planet and human's life.
See our amazing adventures:
- See the beauty of Arctic from the board of the biggest icebreaker during the North Pole Cruise Adventure
- Touch the "Edge of Space" during your amazing MiG flight to stratosphere
- Feel the energy of launch power in Russian Cosmodrome Baikonur
- Try your life-survival skills during your Russian Military tour